The song "Jana Gana Mana" in Sanskrit-Stylized Bengali, written and composed by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore (Rabindranath Thakur) - the only composer whose compositions are the National Anthems of two countries today (Bangladesh & India) - was adopted by the constituent Assembly as the National anthem of India on January 24, 1950. The song was however first performed much earlier Dec 27, 1911, at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. The song is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn, running at approximately 52 seconds. This first stanza constitutes the full version of the Indian national anthem, as follows (in Bengali unicode font):
জন গণ মন অধিনায়ক জয় হে.
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা
দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা
উচ্ছল জলধি তরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে
তব শুভ আশিস মাগে
গাহে তব জয়গাথা
জন গণ মঙ্গল দায়ক জয় হে
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে,
জয় জয় জয়, জয় হে॥
Rabindranath Tagore’s own English translation of the stanza goes as follows:
Click play to listen to Jana Gana Mana by various top artists of India
Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Panjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal:
It echoes in the hills of the vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of Yammuna and Ganga
And is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny,
Victory, victory, victory to thee.
Here is a sheet music for Jana Gana Mana:
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The Indian Embassy, Lisbon, Portugal, has made available the complete Indian national anthem for free listening and download in MP3 format. The Indian Embassys and consulates are run by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India - therefore we assume this is a public domain audio: check out the Indian Embassy Lisbon, Portugal Website »