The Hindu god Krishna is traditionally considered a master of the Bansuri (Indian flute). Two main varieties of Indian flutes are currently used. The first, the Bansuri, has six finger holes and one embouchure hole, and is used predominantly in the Hindustani music of Northern India. The second, the Venu or Pullanguzhal, has eight finger holes, and is played predominantly in the Carnatic music of Southern India. Presently, the eight-holed flute with cross-fingering technique is common among many Carnatic flutists. This technique was introduced by T. R. Mahalingam in the mid-20th century. It was then developed by BN Suresh and Dr. N Ramani. Prior to this, the South Indian flute had only seven finger holes, with the fingering standard developed by Sharaba Shastri, of the Palladam school, at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1998, based on his research on Bharata Natya Shastra's Sarana Chatushtai, Avinash Balkrishna Patwardhan developed a methodology to produce perfectly tuned flutes for the ten thatas currently present in Indian classical music.
The quality of the flute's sound depends somewhat on the specific bamboo used to make it, and it is generally agreed that the best bamboo grows in the Nagercoil area in South India.
- Varnam-Navaragamalika(Valachi)-Adi (Venkatesha)
- Gaanamurthe-Ganamurthi-Desadi-Sri Tyagaraja( Krishna-The Embodiment Of Music)
- Govardhana Gireesham-Hindolam-Rupakam-Sri Muddusvami Dikshitar (Krishna-The Protector)
- Etavunara-Kalyani-Adi-Sri Tyagaraja(Rama)
- Tamboori Meettidava-Sindhu Bhairavi-Tisra Adi-Sri Purandara Dasa(Purandara Vitthala)
- Thillana-Brindavana Saranga-Adi-Dr.Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna (Krishna-The Flute Player)