News - Government

Public Expenditure Reforms in India

DAVOS/SWITZERLAND, 25JAN07 - Nandan M. Nilekan...

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By Shamima Siddiqui
Director (M&C), PIB, with inputs from the Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India

New Delhi, Dec 21, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio / PIB India) Public Expenditure in the Government is managed as per the Appropriation Act which is passed by the Parliament every year. Based on the estimates of expenditure as presented in the Annual Financial Statement, Demands for Grants are presented for the approval of the Parliament. Thereafter, Ministries/Departments seek the approval of Parliament on their respective Detailed Demands for Grants (DDG) that gives service wise estimates of expenditure. During the financial year, expenditures are incurred in accordance with the estimates approved in the DDGs.

For the formulation of these estimates to be presented in the Budget, extensive consultations are held with the respective departments/ministries in meetings chaired by Secretary (Expenditure) in which the Internal Financial Units of the respective ministry/department, headed by the Financial Advisers and the functional heads in the ministries/departments participate.

The Central Government has embarked upon a fiscal consolidation programme to bring down its fiscal deficit over a period of time. With the reduction of the fiscal deficit, it is expected that the debt stock of Government would stabilize within acceptable limits. This would further reduce the interest payments that Government has to incur every year, thereby freeing more resources for development spending.



The Citizens Charter Bill of India

English: People taking part in protests in sup...

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PIB Features
With Inputs from Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Department of  Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances

New Delhi, Dec 21, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio / PIB India) “The Right of Citizens for Time Bound Delivery of Goods and Services and Redressal of their Grievances Bill, 2011” is a step forward towards good governance. The salient features of the Bill are:

Right to Citizens - It confers right on every individual citizen to time bound delivery of goods and provision for services and Redressal of grievances

Publication of Citizens Charter


Indian Green Card Prediction: US Visa Bulletin Dec 2011 - EB1, EB2, EB3 Current Dates for India

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Visa Bulletin For December 2011

Number 39
Volume IX
Washington, D.C.

A. STATUTORY NUMBERS

1. This bulletin summarizes the availability of immigrant numbers during December. Consular officers are required to report to the Department of State documentarily qualified applicants for numerically limited visas; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security reports applicants for adjustment of status. Allocations were made, to the extent possible, in chronological order of reported priority dates, for demand received by November 8th. If not all demand could be satisfied, the category or foreign state in which demand was excessive was deemed oversubscribed. The cut-off date for an oversubscribed category is the priority date of the first applicant who could not be reached within the numerical limits. Only applicants who have a priority date earlier than the cut-off date may be allotted a number. If it becomes necessary during the monthly allocation process to retrogress a cut-off date, supplemental requests for numbers will be honored only if the priority date falls within the new cut-off date announced in this bulletin.

2. Section 201 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) sets an annual minimum family-sponsored preference limit of 226,000.  The worldwide level for annual employment-based preference immigrants is at least 140,000.  Section 202 prescribes that the per-country limit for preference immigrants is set at 7% of the total annual family-sponsored and employment-based preference limits, i.e., 25,620.  The dependent area limit is set at 2%, or 7,320.



The Role of Governors in Tribal Areas of India

This PIB feature is based on the speech of the Minister of Tribal Affairs and Panchayati Raj, Shri V. Kishore Chandra Deo at the Conference of Governors recently at  Rashtrapati Bhavan on “the Role of Governors in the administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas in the context of Fifth and Sixth Schedule of the Constitution”.

New Delhi, Nov 8, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio / PIB India) Scheduled Tribe community constitute more than 8 per cent of our national population  and are still waiting to receive the benefits of freedom even  after a lapse of more than sixty years since we achieved independence.  The tribal populations are placed at the lowest rungs of the society in terms of various developmental indicators.   The lowest literacy rates, high drop-out rates, widespread poverty,  high infant and maternal mortality rates, an alarmingly high incidents of malnutrition, the absence of basic facilities and scarce livelihood means have deprived them the opportunity to a dignified livelihood among the fellow citizens of our country.  It is not merely a matter of coincidence that Left-Wing Extremism is prevalent in the Schedule V areas while the insurgent movements have confined themselves to Schedule VI areas. It is necessary for us to introspect and get to the bottom of the reasons and causes which has led us to this place and situation.


Hindi Film Shakal Pe Mat Ja (2011) Promos Rejected by Censor Board of India

By Raksha Narang

SPMJ Bollywood Hindi Movie Poster

‘Shakal Pe Mat Ja’ faces rejection by the Censor board of India. (In India, the Government decides what the people should and should not watch!)

Mumbai, Oct 19, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio) Shakal Pe Mat Ja faces rejection of its promos by the censor board of India. The director of the movie, Shubh Mukherjee is fuming due to this absurd decision by the board as he has suffered huge losses.



US Immigration & Green Card Prediction - November 2011 Visa Bulletin - For India EB2 Nov 1, 2007, EB3 July 22 2002

Washington, DC, October 13, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio) According Visa Bulletin For November 2011 (US Department of State Publication 9514), the current dates for Green card processing for Indians are  Nov 1, 2007 for EB2, and July 22 2002 for EB3 categories.

The following is an excerpt from the full official bulletin:

Section 203(b) of the INA prescribes preference classes for allotment of Employment-based immigrant visas as follows:         

EMPLOYMENT-BASED PREFERENCES

First: Priority Workers: 28.6% of the worldwide employment-based preference level, plus any numbers not required for fourth and fifth preferences.

Second: Members of the Professions Holding Advanced Degrees or Persons of Exceptional Ability: 28.6% of the worldwide employment-based preference level, plus any numbers not required by first preference.

Third: Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers: 28.6% of the worldwide level, plus any numbers not required by first and second preferences, not more than 10,000 of which to "*Other Workers".

Fourth: Certain Special Immigrants: 7.1% of the worldwide level.

Fifth: Employment Creation: 7.1% of the worldwide level, not less than 3,000 of which reserved for investors in a targeted rural or high-unemployment area, and 3,000 set aside for investors in regional centers by Sec. 610 of Pub. L. 102-395.

On the chart below, the listing of a date for any class indicates that the class is oversubscribed (see paragraph 1); "C" means current, i.e., numbers are available for all qualified applicants; and "U" means unavailable, i.e., no numbers are available. (NOTE: Numbers are available only for applicants whose priority date is earlier than the cut-off date listed below.)

Employment- Based

All Charge-ability Areas Except Those Listed

CHINA- mainland born

INDIA

MEXICO

PHILIPPINES

1st

 C

C

C

C

C   

2nd

 C

01NOV07

01NOV07

C

C           

3rd

22DEC05

22AUG04

22JUL02

22DEC05

22DEC05

Other Workers*

15NOV05

22APR03

15JUN02

15NOV05

15NOV05

4th

C

C

C

C

C      

Certain Religious Workers

C

C

C

C

C      

5th    
Targeted Employment Areas/
Regional Centers and Pilot Programs

C

C

C

C

C

*Employment Third Preference Other Workers Category: Section 203(e) of the Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) passed by Congress in November 1997, as amended by Section 1(e) of Pub. L. 105-139, provides that once the Employment Third Preference Other Worker (EW) cut-off date has reached the priority date of the latest EW petition approved prior to November 19, 1997, the 10,000 EW numbers available for a fiscal year are to be reduced by up to 5,000 annually beginning in the following fiscal year. This reduction is to be made for as long as necessary to offset adjustments under the NACARA program. Since the EW cut-off date reached November 19, 1997 during Fiscal Year 2001, the reduction in the EW annual limit to 5,000 began in Fiscal Year 2002.

The Department of State's Bureau of Consular Affairs publishes the monthly Visa Bulletin on their website under the Visas section. Alternatively, visitors may access the Visa Bulletin directly here.



Saluting the Disabled Soldier of India

By Sarita Brara

New Delhi, Sept 14, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio / PIB India) It was  year   1999.   A young  army officer from one of the  North Eastern states   lay on a bed in one of the wards of the army hospital  in Delhi.  His   leg had  been  amputated  after he hit a land  mine during the  Kargil   conflict.   He was one of the  over 1500 personnel  who had been injured in the conflict.

“How are you?”  I asked  the young officer.

“ I feel  one and half Kg  lighter !”  he said with a  smile  that lit up his whole face .    Brave words  indeed! .   How could a man  in  a situation  like this have the courage to make light of his grievous injury?   I  managed  to smile back but in the  heart of hearts  I saluted   the  spirit of  the  young    man .

Twelve   years later I met Lt . Colonel   Shoban Singh Danu again.  This time  for a story on  the year of the disabled soldier.   I remember that    Shoban Singh Danu’s  leg  had to be  amputated  after he stepped on mine planted by the militants   in the  Poonch - Rajouri sector.  After  his  artificial limb  fitment   he insisted  on going  back to  the same battalion .  Why?  He says he  wanted to boost the morale  of his men  as  three others  in the battalion had also  lost their limbs   in the  land mine blast.

Retired  Subedar LD Sharma   too lost his limb in a land mine blast.   Had he not been hit by a mine land blast  he would have retired  two ranks higher.   But he has no   regrets .  “ I did this for my country !”  he says with his head held high. “I am ready to serve my country any time I am called to do so .”

These  men as they defend  our borders, battle against insurgents  and  take part in  other operations , many a time   suffer  spinal  injuries   rendering them paraplegics and tetra -      plegics . Major  Mahesh Bisht  suffered  spinal   injury  in  one of the operations  but today he is looking after the administration  at the Kirkee (Khadki)  Paraplegic Rehab Centre  and  is  a source of inspiration for  the  paraplegics living there.


Expenditure on Holding Elections in India

New Delhi, Sep 7, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio / PIB India) The expenditure incurred on the Lok Sabha Elections (be it a General Election or Bye-elections) is entirely borne by the Central Government when such elections are held independently according to the policy of the Government. However, the expenditure on State/Union territory Legislative Assemblies is shared on a half and half basis only when such elections are held simultaneously with the Lok Sabha elections. For conduct of General Election to Lok Sabha, the State/Union Territory (with legislature) Governments proposes their demands to the Central Government as provisional estimates. The Central Government releases the funds to the State/Union territory Governments keeping in view the demands received from them and availability of funds for the election purpose. This exercise is of a routine nature and funds are released on a year-to-year basis. The State/ Union Territory Governments incur the expenditure for conduct of General Elections to Lok Sabha from their Consolidated Fund and thereafter make a claim for re-imbursement of the incurred amount to the Central Government. The Central Government releases the funds on provisional basis and the election accounts of the State/ Union territory Governments are settled only after receipt of the Audit Certificates from the Office of Accountant General of the concerned State/Union territory.



Did Anna achieve much? Do we really trust political class?

By Nirendra Dev

Nirendra Narayan DevEditor's Note: Nirendra Narayan Dev (nirendev1 [at] gmail [dot] com), an acclaimed political journalist, is a special correspondent of The Statesman, New Delhi and author of the books Ayodhya : Battle For Peace, The Talking Guns North East India and Godhra A Journey To Mayhem. Nirendra was born and brought up in India's northeast and his father served with paramilitary force Assam Rifles. His blog is at bestofindiarestofindia.blogspot.com.

We have previously had an opportunity of talking to the author and have posted the audio recording of the interview.

We have also previously published four short stories by Nirendra Dev: 'Patrons of a Letter Box', ‘The Pawns’, ‘Arms of Comfort’ and ‘The Guiding Sun, Soothing Moon’.

New Delhi, Aug 28, 2011 (Washington Bangla Radio) A visibly calm Anna Hazare though looked exhausted after 12-day-long fast today hailed Parliament’s nod on key elements of Jan Lokpal Bill as “people’s victory” and declared that poll reforms will be on top of his next agenda to fight corruption menace at its roots.

"I will not rest until all the changes that I look to are achieved,” he said to a thunderous applause from thousands of his supporters waving tricolour.

But did he really achieve much. Given the nature of style of functioning and their unity of purpose for often selfish gains, political class can surprise everyone. Though to give the devil its due, as of now Anna's agitation has achieved something.



The Bombay High Court : Celebrating 150 Years of Legal Heritage

Mumbai.HighCourt.1

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By  Manish Desai


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